Poly(fluoroacrylate)s with tunable surface hydrophobicity via radical copolymerization of 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl α-fluoroacrylate and 2-(trifluoromethyl)acrylic acid

Sanjib Banerjee (Lead / Corresponding author), Bhausaheb Tawade, Vincent Ladmiral, Lionel Xavier Dupuy, Michael MacDonald, Bruno Ameduri (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

The synthesis of poly(fluoroacrylate)s with tunable wettability and improved adhesion for potential application as functional coating was achieved via radical copolymerization of 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl α-fluoroacrylate (FATRIFE) with 2-(trifluoromethyl)acrylic acid (MAF), an adhesion-promoting monomer. These copolymerizations, initiated by tert-butyl peroxypivalate at varying the comonomer feed ([FATRIFE]0/[MAF]0) ratios led to a series of poly(FATRIFE-co-MAF) copolymers with different molar compositions in fair to good conversions (32-87%) depending on the MAF feed content. The microstructures of the synthesized poly(FATRIFE-co-MAF) copolymers were determined by 19F NMR spectroscopy. Even at MAF feed contents higher than 50%, MAF incorporations in the copolymers were lower than 50%, since MAF does not undergo any homopolymerization under radical initiation. The reactivity ratios of the (FATRIFE; MAF) monomer pair were also determined (rFATRIFE = 1.65 ± 0.07 and rMAF = 0 at 56°C) evidencing the formation of statistical copolymers. Initiation involving a highly branched perfluorinated radical that released a •CF3 radical enabled to demonstrate the regioselective attack of the latter radical onto the CH2 of FATRIFE. The resulting poly(FATRIFE-co-MAF) copolymers exhibited various glass transition temperatures (Tgs) depending on their compositions. Tg values increased with increasing MAF contents in the copolymer. In addition, their thermal stability (the temperature for 10% weight loss under air, Td10%) increased with increasing FATRIFE content in the copolymer and reached 348 °C (for that containing 93 mol% of FATRIIFE). Finally, high copolymer MAF content led to both a good adhesion onto metal substrates and to improved hydrophilicity, as revealed by the decrease of the water contact angle from 101° (for a reference poly(FATRIFE) copolymer) to 81° (for a copolymer containing 42 mol % of MAF).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1978-1988
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer Chemistry
Volume2017
Issue number12
Early online date7 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2017

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