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The study employed four gestural models using frame-by-frame microanalytic methods, and followed how the behaviours unfolded over time. Forty-two human newborns (0–3 days) were examined for their imitation of tongue protrusion, ‘head tilt with looking up’, three-finger and two-finger gestures. The results showed that all three gesture groups were imitated. Results of the temporal analyses revealed an early and a later, second stage of responses. Later responses were characterized by a suppression of similar, but non-matching movements. Perinatal imitation is not a phenomenon served by a single underlying mechanism; it has at least two different stages. An early phase is followed by voluntary matching behaviour by the neonatal infant.
|Number of pages||16|
|Early online date||13 Aug 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2019|
- Perinatal imitation
- neonatal imitation
- behavioural analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
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