With a plethora of post systems available, it is often difficult to decide which one to use. This is made more difficult by the fact that new posts are introduced before existing ones are fully evaluated in laboratory and clinical studies. This paper therefore describes the different post types and the main advantages and disadvantages of each. In addition, the choice of post system will influence whether further tooth preparation is required and will dictate which luting cement and core material are most appropriate. Whilst the choice of post will, for many dentists, be driven by personal preference and a history of clinical success, there are certain pit falls to avoid and these are outlined.