Pragmatic cluster randomised cohort cross-over trial to determine the effectiveness of bridging from emergency to regular contraception: the Bridge-It study protocol

, Sharon Tracey Cameron (Lead / Corresponding author), Paula Baraitser, Anna Glasier, Lisa M. McDaid, John D. Norrie, Andrew Radley, Judith M. Stephenson, James Trussell, Claire Battison, Sarah Cameron, Kathleen Cowle, Mark Forrest, Richard Gilson, Beatriz Goulão, Anne Johnstone, Alison McDonald, Alessandra Morelli, Susan Patterson, Deirdre SallyNicola Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Introduction: Oral emergency contraception (EC) can prevent unintended pregnancy but it is important to start a regular method of contraception. Women in the UK usually access EC from a pharmacy but then need a subsequent appointment with a general practitioner or a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) service to access regular contraception. Unintended pregnancies can occur during this time.

Methods and analysis: Bridge-It is a pragmatic cluster randomised cohort cross-over trial designed to determine whether pharmacist provision of a bridging supply of a progestogen-only pill (POP) plus rapid access to a local SRH clinic, results in increased uptake of effective contraception and prevents more unintended pregnancies than provision of EC alone. Bridge-It involves 31 pharmacies in three UK regions (London, Lothian and Tayside) aiming to recruit 626–737 women. Pharmacies will give EC (levonorgestrel) according to normal practice and recruit women to both intervention and the control phases of the study. In the intervention phase, pharmacists will provide the POP (desogestrel) and offer rapid access to an SRH clinic. In the control phase, pharmacists will advise women to attend a contraceptive provider for contraception (standard care).

Women will be asked 4 months later about contraceptive use. Data linkage to abortion registries will provide abortion rates over 12 months. The sample size is calculated on the primary outcome of effective contraception use at 4 months (yes/no) with 90% power and a 5% level of significance. Abortion rates will be an exploratory secondary analysis. Process evaluation includes interviews with pharmacists, SRH clinicians and women. Cost-effectiveness analysis will use a healthcare system perspective and be expressed as incremental cost-effectiveness ratio.

Ethics and dissemination: Ethical approval was received from South East Scotland REC June 2017. Results will be published in peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations.

Trial registration number: ISRCTN70616901.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere029978
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2019


  • contraception
  • emergency contraception
  • levonorgestrel
  • pharmacy
  • progestogen only pill
  • unintended pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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