Precision medicine and adverse drug reactions related to cardiovascular drugs

James D. Noyes, Ify R. Mordi, Alexander S. Doney, Rahman Jamal, Chim C. Lang (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading global cause of death. Early intervention, with lifestyle advice alongside appropriate medical therapies, is fundamental to reduce patient mortality among high-risk individuals. For those who live with the daily challenges of cardiovascular disease, pharmacological management aims to relieve symptoms and prevent disease progression. Despite best efforts, prescription drugs are not without their adverse effects which can cause significant patient morbidity and consequential economic burden for healthcare systems. Patients with cardiovascular diseases are often among the most vulnerable to adverse drug reactions due to multiple co-morbidities and advanced age. Examining a patient’s genome to assess for variants which may alter drug efficacy and susceptibility to adverse reactions underpins pharmacogenomics. This strategy is increasingly being implemented in clinical cardiology to tailor patient therapies. The identification of specific variants associated with adverse drug effects aims to predict those at greatest risk of harm, allowing alternative therapies to be given. This review will explore current guidance avail-able for pharmacogenomic based prescribing as well as exploring the potential implementation of genetic risk scores to tailor treatment. The benefits of large databases and electronic health records will be discussed to help facilitate the integration of pharmacogenomics into primary care; the heart-land of prescribing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number55
Number of pages11
JournalDiseases
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Precision medicine
  • adverse drug reaction
  • cardiology

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