Methods A 1.5-T MRI scanner was adapted for interactive imaging during endovascular procedures using new or modified interventional devices such as guidewires and catheters. A perfused vascular phantom was used for testing. Pre-, intra- and post-procedural visualization and measurement of vascular morphology and flow was implemented. A detailed analysis of X-ray fluoroscopic angiography workflow was conducted and applied. Two interventional radiologists and one physician in training performed 39 procedures. All procedures were timed and analyzed.
Results MRI-guided iliac angioplasty procedures were successfully performed with progressive adaptation of techniques and workflow. The workflow, setup and protocol enabled a reduction in table time for a dedicated MRI-guided procedure to 6 min 33 s with a mean procedure time of 9 min 2 s, comparable to the mean procedure time of 8 min 42 s for the standard X-ray-guided procedure.
Conclusions MRI-guided iliac vascular interventions were found to be feasible and practical using this framework and optimized workflow. In particular, the real-time flow analysis was found to be helpful for pre- and post-interventional assessments. Design optimization of the catheters and in vivo experiments are required before clinical evaluation.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
|Early online date
|8 Aug 2014
|Published - May 2015
- Interventional MRI workflow
- Device localization
- Catheter tracking
- MR-guided balloon angioplasty