Precursory signals of the major El Niño Southern Oscillation events

C. A. Varotsos (Lead / Corresponding author), C. Tzanis, A. P. Cracknell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)


    An exploration of the temporal evolution of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) from January 1876 to November 2011 by means of a new time domain called natural time reveals that the major ENSO extremes provide precursory signals that are maximized in a time window of almost 2 years. This finding may be used to improve the accuracy of the short-term prediction models of the ENSO extremes, thus enabling steps to be taken to ameliorate its disastrous impacts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages10
    JournalTheoretical and Applied Climatology
    Early online date25 Apr 2015
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atmospheric Science


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