Prehabilitation: The impact of preoperative exclusive enteral nutrition on paediatric patients with Crohn Disease

Rachel E. Harris, Hazel Duncan, Elaine Buchanan, Tracey Cardigan, Vikki Garrick, Lee Curtis, Lisa Gervais, Andrew Barclay, Graham Haddock, Richard Hansen, Rachel Tayler, Gregor Walker, Richard K. Russell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is effective in inducing remission in paediatric Crohn Disease (CD) and has been shown to reduce inflammation and improve outcomes in adult CD patients when used before resectional surgery. This retrospective study demonstrates that preoperative EEN is achievable in paediatric CD patients undergoing right hemicolectomy and is associated with positive peri-operative outcomes. Seventeen patients (8 who received preoperative EEN and 9 who did not) were included in the study. Six of 8 (75.0%) managed EEN orally; 1 via nasogastric tube and another via a previously sited gastrostomy. Use of preoperative EEN was associated with a decreased rate of moderate/severe disease on resection pathology (5/8 [62.5%] vs 9/9 [100%]; P = 0.04). Larger studies are required to determine the wider potential benefits of preoperative EEN on postoperative outcomes within paediatric practice.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-507
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
    Volume70
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

    Keywords

    • Crohn disease
    • exclusive enteral nutrition
    • inflammatory bowel disease
    • resectional surgery
    • right hemicolectomy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Gastroenterology

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Prehabilitation: The impact of preoperative exclusive enteral nutrition on paediatric patients with Crohn Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this