Aim: To determine if imaging features of lesions with a core biopsy suggestive of a phyllodes tumour can be used to identify which lesions require surgical excision with margins.
Materials and Methods: Thirty-one lesions were identified from a prospective database of ultrasound visible masses. Demographic, mammographic, and ultrasound features were assessed while blinded to surgical outcome. Features of those lesions requiring a margin and those that did not were compared. Statistical significance was established using the chi-square test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.
Results: Thirteen lesions (42%) required a margin and 18 lesions (58%) did not. Features found significantly more frequently in those requiring a margin were a poorly defined margin on mammography (7/9 [78%] versus 4/13 [31%]; p=0.04) and at ultrasound, an irregular margin (8/13 [62%] versus 3/18 [17%]; p=0.01), micro-lobulations (7/13 [54%] versus 3/18 [17%]; p=0.028), mixed echogenicity (9/13 [69%] versus 1/18 [6%]; p=0.0002), echogenic clefts (6/13 [46%] versus 1/18 [6%]; p=0.007), posterior enhancement (9/11 [82%] versus 6/18 [33%]; p=0.01), large size (p=0.003) and stiffness at shear-wave elastography (p=0.026). All six screen-detected lesions were benign.
Conclusions: There are multiple preoperative features that can be used to guide surgical management of lesions with a preoperative core biopsy result suggestive of a phyllodes tumour.