Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Associations With Malocclusion in Children

Maria Carlla Aroucha Lyra (Lead / Corresponding author), Débora Aguiar, Mabel Paiva, Manuela Arnaud, Arnoldo Alencar Filho, Aronita Rosenblatt, Nicola Patricia Thérèse Innes, Mônica Vilela Heimer

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Abstract

Study Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and its association with malocclusion among children in Recife, Brazil.

Methods: This study included 390 children aged 7 to 8 years. The data comprised the measurement of body mass, orthodontic examination, and parental information required by the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. The statistics tools used were Pearson's chi-square test and the Lemeshow test.

Results: Positively screened for SDB was found in 33.3%of the children, and the association with overjet was P =.007 (odds ratio [OR], 95%, confidence interval [CI]: 1.93). The association with anterior open bite was P =.008 (OR, 95% CI: 2.03), and the association with posterior crossbite was P =.001 (OR, 95%CI: 2.89). This report was unable to indicate an association between bodymass index and SDB. Themultivariate logistic regressionmodel revealed that the anterior open bite (P = .002; OR, 95% CI: 2.34) and posterior crossbite (P = .014; OR, 95% CI: 2.79) had an association with positively screened for SDB.

Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that the prevalence of SDB was high and highly associated with malocclusion. Since posterior crossbite and anterior open bite were associated with positively screened for SDB, early diagnosis and intervention may prevent and minimize adverse effects of SDB on individuals lives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1012
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume16
Issue number7
Early online date13 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • malocclusion
  • prevalence
  • sleep-disordered breathing
  • child
  • body weight
  • Prevalence
  • Body weight
  • Malocclusion
  • Child
  • Sleep-disordered breathing

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