Protecting and restoring Europe's waters: an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive

Laurence Carvalho (Lead / Corresponding author), Eleanor B. Mackay, Ana Cristina Cardoso, Annette Baattrup-Pedersen, Sebastian Birk, Kirsty Blackstock, Gabor Borics, Angel Borja, Christian K. Feld, Maria Teresa Ferreira, Lidija Globevnik, Bruna Grizzetti, Sarah Hendry, Daniel Hering, Martyn Kelly, Sindre Langaas, Kristian Meissner, Yiannis Panagopoulos, Ellis Penning, Josselin RouillardSergi Sabater, Ursula Schmedtje, Bryan M. Spears, Markus Venohr, Wouter van de Bund, Anne Lyche Solheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)
118 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a pioneering piece of legislation that aims to protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems and promote sustainable water use across Europe. There is growing concern that the objective of good status, or higher, in all EU waters by 2027 is a long way from being achieved in many countries. Through questionnaire analysis of almost 100 experts, we provide recommendations to enhance WFD monitoring and assessment systems, improve programmes of measures and further integrate with other sectoral policies. Our analysis highlights that there is great potential to enhance assessment schemes through strategic design of monitoring networks and innovation, such as earth observation. New diagnostic tools that use existing WFD monitoring data, but incorporate novel statistical and trait-based approaches could be used more widely to diagnose the cause of deterioration under conditions of multiple pressures and deliver a hierarchy of solutions for more evidence-driven decisions in river basin management. There is also a growing recognition that measures undertaken in river basin management should deliver multiple benefits across sectors, such as reduced flood risk, and there needs to be robust demonstration studies that evaluate these. Continued efforts in ‘mainstreaming’ water policy into other policy sectors is clearly needed to deliver wider success with WFD goals, particularly with agricultural policy. Other key policy areas where a need for stronger integration with water policy was recognised included urban planning (waste water treatment), flooding, climate and energy (hydropower). Having a deadline for attaining the policy objective of good status is important, but even more essential is to have a permanent framework for river basin management that addresses the delays in implementation of measures. This requires a long-term perspective, far beyond the current deadline of 2027.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1238
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume658
Early online date18 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Water analysis
Water
basin management
Catchments
river basin
water
Rivers
Monitoring
tool use
agricultural policy
Aquatic ecosystems
Urban planning
need
Europe
directive
water analysis
urban planning
aquatic ecosystem
water use
policy

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Governance
  • Management
  • Monitoring
  • Water policy
  • WFD

Cite this

Carvalho, L., Mackay, E. B., Cardoso, A. C., Baattrup-Pedersen, A., Birk, S., Blackstock, K., ... Solheim, A. L. (2019). Protecting and restoring Europe's waters: an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive. Science of the Total Environment, 658, 1228-1238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.255
Carvalho, Laurence ; Mackay, Eleanor B. ; Cardoso, Ana Cristina ; Baattrup-Pedersen, Annette ; Birk, Sebastian ; Blackstock, Kirsty ; Borics, Gabor ; Borja, Angel ; Feld, Christian K. ; Ferreira, Maria Teresa ; Globevnik, Lidija ; Grizzetti, Bruna ; Hendry, Sarah ; Hering, Daniel ; Kelly, Martyn ; Langaas, Sindre ; Meissner, Kristian ; Panagopoulos, Yiannis ; Penning, Ellis ; Rouillard, Josselin ; Sabater, Sergi ; Schmedtje, Ursula ; Spears, Bryan M. ; Venohr, Markus ; van de Bund, Wouter ; Solheim, Anne Lyche. / Protecting and restoring Europe's waters : an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 658. pp. 1228-1238.
@article{0049989d831742dda393f02f0317d13d,
title = "Protecting and restoring Europe's waters: an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive",
abstract = "The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a pioneering piece of legislation that aims to protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems and promote sustainable water use across Europe. There is growing concern that the objective of good status, or higher, in all EU waters by 2027 is a long way from being achieved in many countries. Through questionnaire analysis of almost 100 experts, we provide recommendations to enhance WFD monitoring and assessment systems, improve programmes of measures and further integrate with other sectoral policies. Our analysis highlights that there is great potential to enhance assessment schemes through strategic design of monitoring networks and innovation, such as earth observation. New diagnostic tools that use existing WFD monitoring data, but incorporate novel statistical and trait-based approaches could be used more widely to diagnose the cause of deterioration under conditions of multiple pressures and deliver a hierarchy of solutions for more evidence-driven decisions in river basin management. There is also a growing recognition that measures undertaken in river basin management should deliver multiple benefits across sectors, such as reduced flood risk, and there needs to be robust demonstration studies that evaluate these. Continued efforts in ‘mainstreaming’ water policy into other policy sectors is clearly needed to deliver wider success with WFD goals, particularly with agricultural policy. Other key policy areas where a need for stronger integration with water policy was recognised included urban planning (waste water treatment), flooding, climate and energy (hydropower). Having a deadline for attaining the policy objective of good status is important, but even more essential is to have a permanent framework for river basin management that addresses the delays in implementation of measures. This requires a long-term perspective, far beyond the current deadline of 2027.",
keywords = "Assessment, Governance, Management, Monitoring, Water policy, WFD",
author = "Laurence Carvalho and Mackay, {Eleanor B.} and Cardoso, {Ana Cristina} and Annette Baattrup-Pedersen and Sebastian Birk and Kirsty Blackstock and Gabor Borics and Angel Borja and Feld, {Christian K.} and Ferreira, {Maria Teresa} and Lidija Globevnik and Bruna Grizzetti and Sarah Hendry and Daniel Hering and Martyn Kelly and Sindre Langaas and Kristian Meissner and Yiannis Panagopoulos and Ellis Penning and Josselin Rouillard and Sergi Sabater and Ursula Schmedtje and Spears, {Bryan M.} and Markus Venohr and {van de Bund}, Wouter and Solheim, {Anne Lyche}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.255",
language = "English",
volume = "658",
pages = "1228--1238",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Carvalho, L, Mackay, EB, Cardoso, AC, Baattrup-Pedersen, A, Birk, S, Blackstock, K, Borics, G, Borja, A, Feld, CK, Ferreira, MT, Globevnik, L, Grizzetti, B, Hendry, S, Hering, D, Kelly, M, Langaas, S, Meissner, K, Panagopoulos, Y, Penning, E, Rouillard, J, Sabater, S, Schmedtje, U, Spears, BM, Venohr, M, van de Bund, W & Solheim, AL 2019, 'Protecting and restoring Europe's waters: an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 658, pp. 1228-1238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.255

Protecting and restoring Europe's waters : an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive. / Carvalho, Laurence (Lead / Corresponding author); Mackay, Eleanor B.; Cardoso, Ana Cristina; Baattrup-Pedersen, Annette; Birk, Sebastian; Blackstock, Kirsty; Borics, Gabor; Borja, Angel; Feld, Christian K.; Ferreira, Maria Teresa; Globevnik, Lidija; Grizzetti, Bruna; Hendry, Sarah; Hering, Daniel; Kelly, Martyn; Langaas, Sindre; Meissner, Kristian; Panagopoulos, Yiannis; Penning, Ellis; Rouillard, Josselin; Sabater, Sergi; Schmedtje, Ursula; Spears, Bryan M.; Venohr, Markus; van de Bund, Wouter; Solheim, Anne Lyche.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 658, 25.03.2019, p. 1228-1238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protecting and restoring Europe's waters

T2 - an analysis of the future development needs of the Water Framework Directive

AU - Carvalho, Laurence

AU - Mackay, Eleanor B.

AU - Cardoso, Ana Cristina

AU - Baattrup-Pedersen, Annette

AU - Birk, Sebastian

AU - Blackstock, Kirsty

AU - Borics, Gabor

AU - Borja, Angel

AU - Feld, Christian K.

AU - Ferreira, Maria Teresa

AU - Globevnik, Lidija

AU - Grizzetti, Bruna

AU - Hendry, Sarah

AU - Hering, Daniel

AU - Kelly, Martyn

AU - Langaas, Sindre

AU - Meissner, Kristian

AU - Panagopoulos, Yiannis

AU - Penning, Ellis

AU - Rouillard, Josselin

AU - Sabater, Sergi

AU - Schmedtje, Ursula

AU - Spears, Bryan M.

AU - Venohr, Markus

AU - van de Bund, Wouter

AU - Solheim, Anne Lyche

PY - 2019/3/25

Y1 - 2019/3/25

N2 - The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a pioneering piece of legislation that aims to protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems and promote sustainable water use across Europe. There is growing concern that the objective of good status, or higher, in all EU waters by 2027 is a long way from being achieved in many countries. Through questionnaire analysis of almost 100 experts, we provide recommendations to enhance WFD monitoring and assessment systems, improve programmes of measures and further integrate with other sectoral policies. Our analysis highlights that there is great potential to enhance assessment schemes through strategic design of monitoring networks and innovation, such as earth observation. New diagnostic tools that use existing WFD monitoring data, but incorporate novel statistical and trait-based approaches could be used more widely to diagnose the cause of deterioration under conditions of multiple pressures and deliver a hierarchy of solutions for more evidence-driven decisions in river basin management. There is also a growing recognition that measures undertaken in river basin management should deliver multiple benefits across sectors, such as reduced flood risk, and there needs to be robust demonstration studies that evaluate these. Continued efforts in ‘mainstreaming’ water policy into other policy sectors is clearly needed to deliver wider success with WFD goals, particularly with agricultural policy. Other key policy areas where a need for stronger integration with water policy was recognised included urban planning (waste water treatment), flooding, climate and energy (hydropower). Having a deadline for attaining the policy objective of good status is important, but even more essential is to have a permanent framework for river basin management that addresses the delays in implementation of measures. This requires a long-term perspective, far beyond the current deadline of 2027.

AB - The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a pioneering piece of legislation that aims to protect and enhance aquatic ecosystems and promote sustainable water use across Europe. There is growing concern that the objective of good status, or higher, in all EU waters by 2027 is a long way from being achieved in many countries. Through questionnaire analysis of almost 100 experts, we provide recommendations to enhance WFD monitoring and assessment systems, improve programmes of measures and further integrate with other sectoral policies. Our analysis highlights that there is great potential to enhance assessment schemes through strategic design of monitoring networks and innovation, such as earth observation. New diagnostic tools that use existing WFD monitoring data, but incorporate novel statistical and trait-based approaches could be used more widely to diagnose the cause of deterioration under conditions of multiple pressures and deliver a hierarchy of solutions for more evidence-driven decisions in river basin management. There is also a growing recognition that measures undertaken in river basin management should deliver multiple benefits across sectors, such as reduced flood risk, and there needs to be robust demonstration studies that evaluate these. Continued efforts in ‘mainstreaming’ water policy into other policy sectors is clearly needed to deliver wider success with WFD goals, particularly with agricultural policy. Other key policy areas where a need for stronger integration with water policy was recognised included urban planning (waste water treatment), flooding, climate and energy (hydropower). Having a deadline for attaining the policy objective of good status is important, but even more essential is to have a permanent framework for river basin management that addresses the delays in implementation of measures. This requires a long-term perspective, far beyond the current deadline of 2027.

KW - Assessment

KW - Governance

KW - Management

KW - Monitoring

KW - Water policy

KW - WFD

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059002433&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.255

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.255

M3 - Article

C2 - 30677985

VL - 658

SP - 1228

EP - 1238

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

ER -