mTn3-tagging identified Kluyveromyces lactis zymocin target genes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae as TOT1-3/ELP1-3 coding for the RNA polymerase II (pol II) Elongator histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex. tot phenotypes resulting from mTn3 tagging were similar to totDelta null alleles, suggesting loss of Elongator's integrity. Consistently, the Tot1-3/Elp1-3 proteins expressed from the mTn3-tagged genes were all predicted to be C-terminally truncated, lacking approximately 80% of Tot1p, five WD40 Tot2p repeats and two HAT motifs of Tot3p. Besides its role as a HAT, Tot3p assists subunit communication within Elongator by mediating Tot2-Tot4, Tot2-Tot5, Tot2-Tot1 and Tot4-Tot5 protein-protein interactions. TOT1 and TOT2 are essential for Tot4-Tot2 and Tot4-Tot3 interactions respectively. The latter was lost with a C-terminal Tot2p truncation; the former was affected by progressively truncating TOT1. Despite being dispensable for Tot4-Tot2 interaction, the extreme C-terminus of Tot1p may play a role in TOT/Elongator function, as its truncation confers zymocin resistance. Tot4p/Kti12p, an Elongator-associated factor, also interacted with pol II and could be immunoprecipitated while being bound to the ADH1 promoter. Two-hybrid analysis showed that Tot4p also interacts with Cdc19p, suggesting that Tot4p plays an additional role in concert with Cdc19p, perhaps co-ordinating cell growth with carbon source metabolism.
Fichtner, L., Frohloff, F., Jablonowski, D., Stark, M. J. R., & Schaffrath, R. (2002). Protein interactions within Saccharomyces cerevisiae Elongator, a complex essential for Kluyveromyces lactis zymocicity. Molecular Microbiology, 45(3), 817-26. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2958.2002.03055.x