Purification and cDNA cloning of SAPKK3, the major activator of RK/p38 in stress- and cytokine-stimulated monocytes and epithelial cells

Ana Cuenda, Gema Alonso, Nick Morrice, Margaret Jones, Roger Meier, Philip Cohen, Angel R. Nebreda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    114 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Two chromatographically distinct stress-activated protein kinase kinases (SAPKKs) have been identified in several mammalian cells, termed SAPKK2 and SAPKK3, which activate the MAP kinase family member RK/p38 but not JNK/SAPK in vitro. Here we demonstrate that SAPKK2 is identical or very closely related to the MAP kinase kinase family member MKK3. However, under our assay conditions, SAPKK3 was the major activator of RK/p78 detected in extracts prepared from stress- or interleukin-1-stimulated epithelial (KB) cells, from bacterial lipopolysaccharide- and tumour necrosis factor α-stimulated THP1 monocytes or from rabbit skeletal muscle. The activated form of SAPKK3 was purified from muscle to near homogeneity, and tryptic peptide sequences were used to clone human and murine cDNAs encoding this enzyme. Human SAPKK3 comprised 334 amino acids and was 78% identical to MKK3. The murine and human SAPKK3 were 97% identical in their amino acid sequences. We also cloned a different murine cDNA that appears to encode a SAPKK3 protein truncated at the N-terminus. SAPKK3 is identical to the recently cloned MKK6.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4156-4164
    Number of pages9
    JournalEMBO Journal
    Volume15
    Issue number16
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 1996

    Keywords

    • Cytokine
    • IL-1
    • LPS
    • MAP kinase kinase
    • TNF

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