Purification and characterization of three forms of glutathione S-transferase A. A comparative study of the major YaYa-, YbYb- and YcYc-containing glutathione S-transferases

J D Hayes, G H Clarkson

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    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Rat liver glutathione S-transferases have previously been defined by their elution behaviour from DEAE-cellulose and CM-cellulose as M, E, D, C, B, A and AA. These enzymes are dimeric proteins which comprise subunits of mol.wt. 22 000 (Ya), 23 500 (Yb) or 25 000 (Yc). Evidence is presented that YaYa protein, one of two previously described lithocholate-binding proteins which exhibit transferase activity, is an additional enzyme which is not included in the M, E, D, C, B, A and AA nomenclature. We therefore propose that this enzyme is designated transferase YaYa. Transferases YaYa, C, A and AA have molecular weights of 44 000, 47 000, 47 000 and 50 000 respectively and each comprises two subunits of identical size. These enzymes were purified to allow a study of their structural and functional relationships. In addition, transferase A was further resolved into three forms (A1, A2 and A3) which possess identical activities and structures and appear to be the product of a single gene. Transferases YaYa, C, A and AA each had distinct enzymic properties and were inhibited by cholate. The recently proposed proteolytic model, which attributes the presence of multiple forms of glutathione S-transferase activity to partial proteolysis of transferase AA, was tested and shown to be highly improbable. Peptide maps showed significant differences between transferases YaYa, C, A and AA. Immunotitration studies demonstrated that antisera raised against transferases YaYa and C did not precipitate transferase AA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)459-70
    Number of pages12
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Volume207
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1982

    Keywords

    • Animals
    • Cholic Acids/pharmacology
    • Chromatography, Ion Exchange
    • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
    • Glutathione Transferase/metabolism
    • Isoelectric Focusing
    • Kinetics
    • Peptide Fragments/analysis
    • Rats
    • Urea/pharmacology

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