Quality assurance for point-of-care testing of oral anticoagulation: a large-scale evaluation of the Hemochron Junior Signature Microcoagulation System

J. M. Maddox, P. H. Bogo, E. McGregor, M. J. Pippard, R. Kerr

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We report the first large-scale evaluation of the Hemochron Junior Signature (HJS) Microcoagulation System for community monitoring of oral anticoagulation and establishment of a programme of internal and external quality assurance. Over 1600 HJS results, with a simultaneous venous sample for central analysis, were obtained over a 19 month period. Monitoring of an initial period of HJS results (n = 135) revealed an International Normalized Ratio (INR) over estimation (mean +1.05), with only 27% of results within 0.5 of the central laboratory INR. A correction factor was introduced which reduced the INR bias to +0.07 and improved the percentage of results within 0.5 of the central laboratory INR to 76% (n = 353). A revised correction factor was later introduced to adjust for an under estimation at higher INR values. This changed the INR bias to -0.05, with 76% of results within 0.5 of the central laboratory INR (n = 1174). Local external quality assurance samples were distributed monthly with a total of 791 samples during the study period. 84% of test results were within 15% of the median value (range 73-97% per month). These results emphasize the value of a robust quality assurance programme when using point-of-care devices for community monitoring of oral anticoagulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)142-150
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
    Volume31
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Administration, Oral
    • Anticoagulants
    • Blood Coagulation Tests
    • Drug Monitoring
    • Humans
    • International Normalized Ratio
    • Point-of-Care Systems
    • Quality Control
    • Warfarin

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