Quantifying soil displacement and tillage erosion rate by different tillage systems in dryland northwestern Iran

M. Kouselou, S. Hashemi, I. Eskandari, B. M. McKenzie, E. Karimi, A. Rezaei, M. Rahmati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Redistribution of soil particles by the force applied by tillage is a major factor in soil degradation of agricultural land. Decreasing tillage intensity can reduce the amount of soil displaced and the distance moved and hence may reduce rates of erosion. To understand the relative importance of erosion, we tabulated machine, soil and landform properties likely to be involved. We compared soil displacement and tillage erosion rates under different systems, including mouldboard ploughing (conventional tillage), chisel ploughing (reduced tillage), stubble cultivator (minimum tillage) and no-tillage under dryland agriculture in northwestern Iran. The area was undulating and so all tillage took place along contours. Metallic tracers were buried in the soil at known locations and depths and their recovery after tillage provided a measure of soil displacement and tillage erosion. Conventional tillage along a contour line caused significantly greater soil displacement (≃57 cm) in the direction of tillage than reduced and minimum tillage systems (~20 and ~15 cm, respectively). Conventional tillage also caused more lateral soil displacement (downwards in the main direction of slope, the tillage erosion rate) than reduced or minimum tillage systems (48 cm or 152 kg/m vs. 5 and 4 cm or 16 and 7 kg/m, respectively). Although a range of factors contribute to the tillage systems used by farmers, our results suggest that under dryland conditions, similar to those found in our study area, adoption of noninversion, reduced tillage along the contour, for example by chisel ploughing can substantially limit tillage erosion relative to conventional tillage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalSoil Use and Management
Volume34
Issue number1
Early online date23 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Chisel plough
  • contour tillage
  • mouldboard plough
  • stubble cultivator
  • tracers

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