Quantitative Analysis of the Interaction between Wind Turbines and Topography Change in Intertidal Wind Farms by Remote Sensing

Huiming Zhang, Dong Zhang, Yong Zhou, Mark E. J. Cutler, Dandan Cui (Lead / Corresponding author), Zhuo Zhang (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)
    26 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Offshore wind farms have developed rapidly in Jiangsu Province, China, over the last decade. The existence of offshore wind turbines will inevitably impact hydrological and sedimentary environments. In this paper, a digital elevation model (DEM) of the intertidal sandbank in southern Jiangsu Province from 2018 to 2020 was constructed based on the improved remote sensing waterline method. On this basis, the stability of the sandbank was analysed, and combined with the hypothetical sandbank surface discrimination method (HSSDM), the erosional/depositional influences of wind turbine construction on topography were quantitatively analysed. The results show that due to the frequent oscillations of the tidal channels, only 35.03% of the study area has a stable topography, and more than 90% of the wind turbines in all years have a balanced impact on the intensity of topographic change, and all see a small reduction in their impact in the following year. The remaining wind turbines with erosional/depositional impacts are mainly located in areas with unstable topography, but the overall impact of all wind turbines is balanced in 2018–2020. The impact of wind turbines on topography is both erosional and depositional, but the overall intensity of the impact is not significant. This study demonstrates the quantitative effects of wind turbine construction on topography and provides some help for wind turbine construction site selection and monitoring after turbine completion.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number504
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2022

    Keywords

    • digital elevation model (DEM)
    • hypothetical sandbank surface discrimination method (HSSDM)
    • topographic change
    • topographic stability
    • wind turbine

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Ocean Engineering

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative Analysis of the Interaction between Wind Turbines and Topography Change in Intertidal Wind Farms by Remote Sensing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this