Quantitative modeling of tumor dynamics and radiotherapy

Heiko Enderling, Mark A. J. Chaplain, Philip Hahnfeldt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    39 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Cancer is a complex disease, necessitating research on many different levels; at the subcellular level to identify genes, proteins and signaling pathways associated with the disease; at the cellular level to identify, for example, cell-cell adhesion and communication mechanisms; at the tissue level to investigate disruption of homeostasis and interaction with the tissue of origin or settlement of metastasis; and finally at the systems level to explore its global impact, e.g. through the mechanism of cachexia. Mathematical models have been proposed to identify key mechanisms that underlie dynamics and events at every scale of interest, and increasing effort is now being paid to multi-scale models that bridge the different scales. With more biological data becoming available and with increased interdisciplinary efforts, theoretical models are rendering suitable tools to predict the origin and course of the disease. The ultimate aims of cancer models, however, are to enlighten our concept of the carcinogenesis process and to assist in the designing of treatment protocols that can reduce mortality and improve patient quality of life. Conventional treatment of cancer is surgery combined with radiotherapy or chemotherapy for localized tumors or systemic treatment of advanced cancers, respectively. Although radiation is widely used as treatment, most scheduling is based on empirical knowledge and less on the predictions of sophisticated growth dynamical models of treatment response. Part of the failure to translate modeling research to the clinic may stem from language barriers, exacerbated by often esoteric model renderings with inaccessible parameterization. Here we discuss some ideas for combining tractable dynamical tumor growth models with radiation response models using biologically accessible parameters to provide a more intuitive and exploitable framework for understanding the complexity of radiotherapy treatment and failure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)341-353
    Number of pages13
    JournalActa Biotheoretica
    Volume58
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

    Keywords

    • Mathematical model
    • Cellular automaton
    • Radiotherapy
    • Accelerated repopulation
    • Cancer stem cells
    • Early breast cancer
    • External beam radiotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • Brain tumors
    • Stem cells
    • Repopulation
    • Chemotherapy
    • Proliferation
    • Population

    Cite this

    Enderling, H., Chaplain, M. A. J., & Hahnfeldt, P. (2010). Quantitative modeling of tumor dynamics and radiotherapy. Acta Biotheoretica, 58(4), 341-353. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10441-010-9111-z