Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Device engineering

Purnima D L Greenwood, David T D Childs, Kenneth Kennedy, Kristian M. Groom, Maxime Hugues, Mark Hopkinson, Richard A. Hogg, Nikola Krstajić, Louise E. Smith, Stephen J. Matcher, Marco Bonesi, Sheila MacNeil, Rod Smallwood

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    Abstract

    We present a 18 mW fiber-coupled single-mode superluminescent diode with 85 nm bandwidth for application in optical coherence tomography (OCT). First, we describe the effect of quantum dot (QD) growth temperature on optical spectrum and gain, highlighting the need for the optimization of epitaxy for broadband applications. Then, by incorporating this improved material into a multicontact device, we show how bandwidth and power can be controlled. We then go on to show how the spectral shape influences the autocorrelation function, which exhibits a coherence length of <11 $\mu$m, and relative noise is found to be 10 dB lower than that of a thermal source. Finally, we apply the optimum device to OCT of in vivo skin and show the improvement that can be made with higher power, wider bandwidth, and lower noise, respectively.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number5445054
    Pages (from-to)1015-1022
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
    Volume16
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

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    Keywords

    • Optical coherence tomography (OCT)
    • quantum dot (QD)
    • skin imaging
    • superluminescent diodes (SLEDs)

    Cite this

    Greenwood, P. D. L., Childs, D. T. D., Kennedy, K., Groom, K. M., Hugues, M., Hopkinson, M., Hogg, R. A., Krstajić, N., Smith, L. E., Matcher, S. J., Bonesi, M., MacNeil, S., & Smallwood, R. (2010). Quantum dot superluminescent diodes for optical coherence tomography: Device engineering. IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 16(4), 1015-1022. [5445054]. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2038720