Quantum Mechanics of Particles Constrained to Spiral Curves with Application to Polyene Chains

Eduardo V. S. Anjos, Antonio C. Pavão, Luiz C. B. da Silva (Lead / Corresponding author), Cristiano C. Bastos

Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint


Context: Due to advances in synthesizing lower dimensional materials there is the challenge of finding the wave equation that effectively describes quantum particles moving on 1D and 2D domains. Jensen and Koppe and Da Costa independently introduced a confining potential formalism showing that the effective constrained dynamics is subjected to a scalar geometry-induced potential; for the confinement to a curve, the potential depends on the curve's curvature function.

Method: To characterize the $\pi$ electrons in polyenes, we follow two approaches. First, we utilize a weakened Coulomb potential associated with a spiral curve. The solution to the Schrödinger equation with Dirichlet boundary conditions yields Bessel functions, and the spectrum is obtained analytically. We employ the particle-in-a-box model in the second approach, incorporating effective mass corrections. The $\pi$-$\pi^*$ transitions of polyenes were calculated in good experimental agreement with both approaches, although with different wave functions.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2024

Publication series

NameArXiv e-prints


  • Mathematical Physics (math-ph)
  • Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics (cond-mat.mes-hall)


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