Radiomics approach to the detection of prostate cancer using multiparametric MRI: a validation study using prostate-cancer-tissue-mimicking phantoms

Faisal Alshomrani, Basim S.O. Alsaedi, Cheng Wei, Magdalena Szewczyk-Bieda, Stephen Gandy, Jennifer Wilson, Zhihong Huang, Ghulam Nabi (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Over the last few years, a number of studies have quantified the role of radiomics, dynamic contrast enhancement and standard MRI (T2WI + DWI) in detecting prostate cancer; however, the aim of this paper was to assess the advantage of combining radiomics with other multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) (T2-DWI-DCE) in improving the detection of prostate cancer. This study used 10 prostate-cancer-tissue-mimicking phantoms to obtain preclinical data. We then focused on 46 patients who underwent mpMRI and Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) guided biopsy between September 2016 and December 2017. The texture analysis parameters combined with the mpMRI and compared with the histopathology of TRUS biopsy have been assessed statistically by principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant component analysis (DCA). The prediction model and goodness-of-fit were examined with the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and McFadden pseudo-R-squared. In the PCA, there was a higher separation between cancerous and noncancerous tissue in the preclinical compared with the clinical data. Both AIC and R2 showed an improvement in the model in cancer prediction by adding the radiomics to mpMRI. The discriminant analysis showed an accuracy of cancer prediction of 81% compared with 100% in the pre-clinical phantom data. Combining radiomics with mpMRI showed an improvement in prostate cancer prediction. The ex vivo experiments validated the findings of this study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number576
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number1
Early online date31 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • dynamic contrast enhancement
  • mpMRI
  • prostate cancer
  • radiomic
  • tissue-mimicking phantom

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