Raised Adolescent Body Mass Index Predicts the Development of Adiposity and a Central Distribution of Body Fat in Adulthood

A Longitudinal Study

Angela M. Craigie, John N. S. Matthews, Andrew J. Rugg-Gunn, Amelia A. Lake, John C. Mathers, Ashley J. Adamson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To test the hypothesis that adolescent body mass index ( BMI) tracks into adulthood and can be used as a predictor of obesity and/or central adiposity in adulthood. Method: A prospective cohort study following up 111 female and 84 male subjects who participated in dietary and anthropometric surveys when aged 12 years ( in 1979-1981) and 33 years ( in 2000-2001). At both time-points, height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. At 33 years, waist circumference ( WC) and hip circumference were also measured and waist-to-hip ratio ( WHR) calculated. Results: In the male and female participants, BMI at 12 years was associated significantly with BMI at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, respectively, both p < 0.01) and WC at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, both p < 0.01). The probability of being an obese adult increased with rising adolescent BMI: normal weight male ( BMI < 20.89 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI < 21.20 kg/m(2)) at 12 years had a 20% and a 7% chance of being obese at 33 years, respectively; the probabilities for obese male ( BMI >= 25.58 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI >= 26.05 kg/m(2)) were 83 and 64%. The corresponding probability of becoming centrally obese ( measured by WC) increased from 17 and 16% in male and female subjects of a normal weight to 58 and 59% in those being obese. Conclusions: Adolescent BMI is a good predictor of adult BMI and WC and the likelihood of becoming obese and/or centrally obese in adulthood.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)150-156
    Number of pages7
    JournalObesity Facts
    Volume2
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Body mass index
    • Obesity
    • Waist circumference
    • Adolescence
    • Tracking
    • CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS
    • WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE
    • AMSTERDAM-GROWTH
    • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
    • YOUNG ADULTHOOD
    • CHILDHOOD
    • OBESITY
    • OVERWEIGHT
    • HEALTH
    • TRACKING

    Cite this

    Craigie, Angela M. ; Matthews, John N. S. ; Rugg-Gunn, Andrew J. ; Lake, Amelia A. ; Mathers, John C. ; Adamson, Ashley J. / Raised Adolescent Body Mass Index Predicts the Development of Adiposity and a Central Distribution of Body Fat in Adulthood : A Longitudinal Study. In: Obesity Facts. 2009 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 150-156.
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    title = "Raised Adolescent Body Mass Index Predicts the Development of Adiposity and a Central Distribution of Body Fat in Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study",
    abstract = "Objective: To test the hypothesis that adolescent body mass index ( BMI) tracks into adulthood and can be used as a predictor of obesity and/or central adiposity in adulthood. Method: A prospective cohort study following up 111 female and 84 male subjects who participated in dietary and anthropometric surveys when aged 12 years ( in 1979-1981) and 33 years ( in 2000-2001). At both time-points, height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. At 33 years, waist circumference ( WC) and hip circumference were also measured and waist-to-hip ratio ( WHR) calculated. Results: In the male and female participants, BMI at 12 years was associated significantly with BMI at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, respectively, both p < 0.01) and WC at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, both p < 0.01). The probability of being an obese adult increased with rising adolescent BMI: normal weight male ( BMI < 20.89 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI < 21.20 kg/m(2)) at 12 years had a 20{\%} and a 7{\%} chance of being obese at 33 years, respectively; the probabilities for obese male ( BMI >= 25.58 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI >= 26.05 kg/m(2)) were 83 and 64{\%}. The corresponding probability of becoming centrally obese ( measured by WC) increased from 17 and 16{\%} in male and female subjects of a normal weight to 58 and 59{\%} in those being obese. Conclusions: Adolescent BMI is a good predictor of adult BMI and WC and the likelihood of becoming obese and/or centrally obese in adulthood.",
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    author = "Craigie, {Angela M.} and Matthews, {John N. S.} and Rugg-Gunn, {Andrew J.} and Lake, {Amelia A.} and Mathers, {John C.} and Adamson, {Ashley J.}",
    year = "2009",
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    Raised Adolescent Body Mass Index Predicts the Development of Adiposity and a Central Distribution of Body Fat in Adulthood : A Longitudinal Study. / Craigie, Angela M.; Matthews, John N. S.; Rugg-Gunn, Andrew J.; Lake, Amelia A.; Mathers, John C.; Adamson, Ashley J.

    In: Obesity Facts, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2009, p. 150-156.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Raised Adolescent Body Mass Index Predicts the Development of Adiposity and a Central Distribution of Body Fat in Adulthood

    T2 - A Longitudinal Study

    AU - Craigie, Angela M.

    AU - Matthews, John N. S.

    AU - Rugg-Gunn, Andrew J.

    AU - Lake, Amelia A.

    AU - Mathers, John C.

    AU - Adamson, Ashley J.

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Objective: To test the hypothesis that adolescent body mass index ( BMI) tracks into adulthood and can be used as a predictor of obesity and/or central adiposity in adulthood. Method: A prospective cohort study following up 111 female and 84 male subjects who participated in dietary and anthropometric surveys when aged 12 years ( in 1979-1981) and 33 years ( in 2000-2001). At both time-points, height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. At 33 years, waist circumference ( WC) and hip circumference were also measured and waist-to-hip ratio ( WHR) calculated. Results: In the male and female participants, BMI at 12 years was associated significantly with BMI at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, respectively, both p < 0.01) and WC at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, both p < 0.01). The probability of being an obese adult increased with rising adolescent BMI: normal weight male ( BMI < 20.89 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI < 21.20 kg/m(2)) at 12 years had a 20% and a 7% chance of being obese at 33 years, respectively; the probabilities for obese male ( BMI >= 25.58 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI >= 26.05 kg/m(2)) were 83 and 64%. The corresponding probability of becoming centrally obese ( measured by WC) increased from 17 and 16% in male and female subjects of a normal weight to 58 and 59% in those being obese. Conclusions: Adolescent BMI is a good predictor of adult BMI and WC and the likelihood of becoming obese and/or centrally obese in adulthood.

    AB - Objective: To test the hypothesis that adolescent body mass index ( BMI) tracks into adulthood and can be used as a predictor of obesity and/or central adiposity in adulthood. Method: A prospective cohort study following up 111 female and 84 male subjects who participated in dietary and anthropometric surveys when aged 12 years ( in 1979-1981) and 33 years ( in 2000-2001). At both time-points, height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. At 33 years, waist circumference ( WC) and hip circumference were also measured and waist-to-hip ratio ( WHR) calculated. Results: In the male and female participants, BMI at 12 years was associated significantly with BMI at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, respectively, both p < 0.01) and WC at 33 years ( R = 0.58 and 0.53, both p < 0.01). The probability of being an obese adult increased with rising adolescent BMI: normal weight male ( BMI < 20.89 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI < 21.20 kg/m(2)) at 12 years had a 20% and a 7% chance of being obese at 33 years, respectively; the probabilities for obese male ( BMI >= 25.58 kg/m(2)) and female subjects ( BMI >= 26.05 kg/m(2)) were 83 and 64%. The corresponding probability of becoming centrally obese ( measured by WC) increased from 17 and 16% in male and female subjects of a normal weight to 58 and 59% in those being obese. Conclusions: Adolescent BMI is a good predictor of adult BMI and WC and the likelihood of becoming obese and/or centrally obese in adulthood.

    KW - Body mass index

    KW - Obesity

    KW - Waist circumference

    KW - Adolescence

    KW - Tracking

    KW - CARDIOVASCULAR RISK-FACTORS

    KW - WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE

    KW - AMSTERDAM-GROWTH

    KW - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY

    KW - YOUNG ADULTHOOD

    KW - CHILDHOOD

    KW - OBESITY

    KW - OVERWEIGHT

    KW - HEALTH

    KW - TRACKING

    U2 - 10.1159/000218092

    DO - 10.1159/000218092

    M3 - Article

    VL - 2

    SP - 150

    EP - 156

    JO - Obesity Facts

    JF - Obesity Facts

    SN - 1662-4025

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    ER -