Rapid body weight gain increases the risk of UV radiation-induced skin carcinogenesis in SKH-1 hairless mice

Albena T. Dinkova-Kostova, Jed W. Fahey, Stephanie N. Jenkins, Scott L. Wehage, Paul Talalay

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    Abstract

    Although it is well known that caloric restriction reduces the risk of chronic diseases including cancer, the role of weight gain in the development of UV light-induced tumors has not, to our knowledge, been investigated. In view of the increase in obesity worldwide, we asked the question whether there is any relationship between body weight gain and skin tumor development. We subjected 3 groups, each composed of 30 SKH-1 hairless female mice, to UV radiation (30 mJ/cm(2), twice weekly for 17 weeks) and observed tumor formation over the ensuing 8 to 13 weeks: group I received pelleted diet; group 2 received pellets during the irradiation period and was then switched to powder; and group 3 received powder exclusively. At the end of the experiment, the mean body weight of group 1 was 32.1 +/- 0.5 g, whereas that of groups 2 and 3 was 39.0 +/- 1.5 and 39.5 +/- 1.4 g, respectively. Tumor incidence reached 90% at 8 weeks after completion of irradiation for the animals in group 3 and at 13 weeks for the animals in group 2. Similarly, at 8 weeks after irradiation when all animals of group 3 were euthanized, tumor multiplicity was 0.8, 1.2, and 3.2 for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Thus, in comparison with the mice consuming pellets, the powder-fed mice gained weight more rapidly and developed tumors much faster. Considering the escalating numbers of individuals worldwide who are overweight or obese, our findings provide further impetus for advocating healthier diets and maintenance of constant body weight in adults. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)539-543
    Number of pages5
    JournalMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
    Volume28
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

    Keywords

    • ultraviolet radiation
    • skin cancer
    • obesity
    • body weight gain
    • mice
    • RESTRICTION
    • OBESITY
    • LIGHT
    • PREVENTION
    • APOPTOSIS
    • CAFFEINE
    • STRESS
    • CANCER
    • TEA

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