Reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the SNARC effect

Samuel Shaki, Martin H. Fischer, William M. Petrusic

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    279 Citations (Scopus)


    This study compared the spatial representation of numbers in three groups of adults: Canadians, who read both English words and Arabic numbers from left to right; Palestinians, who read Arabic words and Arabic-Indic numbers from right to left.; and Israelis, who read Hebrew words from right to left but Arabic numbers from left to right. Canadians associated small numbers with left and large numbers with right space (the SNARC effect), Palestinians showed the reverse association, and Israelis had no reliable spatial association for numbers. These results suggest that reading habits for both words and numbers contribute to the spatial representation of numbers.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)328-331
    Number of pages4
    JournalPsychonomic Bulletin & Review
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

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