Recombinant paramyosin (rec-Sj-97) tested for immunogenicity and vaccine efficacy against Schistosoma japonicum in mice and water buffaloes

Donald P. McManus, Joanna Y.M. Wong, Jinchun Zhou, Chun Cai, Qingren Zeng, Danielle Smyth, Yuesheng Li, Bernd H. Kalinna, Mary J. Duke, Xinyuan Yi

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55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A primary vaccine candidate antigen against schistosomiasis is paramyosin (pmy), a myofibrillar protein found exclusively in invertebrates. Here we report the results of vaccine trials against the Asian schistosome undertaken on inbred and outbred mice and water buffaloes using a bacterially expressed and purified form of Schistosoma japonicum pmy (rec-Sj-97). Vaccination of the mice resulted in high levels of specific anti-pmy IgG antibodies when compared with adjuvant controls and significant reduction in worm burdens and in liver eggs. Furthermore, a significant reduction in liver eggs was recorded in two of the three water buffalo vaccine trials undertaken and, in all three trials, high levels of specific anti-pmy IgG antibodies were generated. There was no evidence of any toxic effects and the vaccine preparations and Quil A adjuvant were clearly well tolerated. The development of a vaccine intended for livestock animals such as bovines would be beneficial in two ways; directly by blocking transmission of schistosomiasis to humans and economically by contributing to healthier livestock. We are encouraged by the consistent efficacy in the mouse and the buffalo vaccine trials that resulted in a significant decrease in liver eggs. Indeed, predictions from mathematical models indicate that an egg reduction effect of 42-45% in buffaloes would be sufficient when combined with human treatment to control schistosomiasis japonica in the marshes and lakes along the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the most highly endemic areas for the disease in China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-878
Number of pages9
JournalVaccine
Volume20
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2001

Keywords

  • Anti-fecundity
  • Asian schistosomiasis
  • Paramyosin
  • Schistosoma japonicum
  • Sj-97
  • Vaccine
  • Water buffaloes

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