Inverse problem approaches for mutation laws in heterogeneous tumours with local and nonlocal dynamics

Maher Alwuthaynani, Raluca Eftimie, Dumitru Trucu (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Cancer cell mutations occur when cells undergo multiple cell divisions, and these mutations can be spontaneous or environmentally-induced. The mechanisms that promote and sustain these mutations are still not fully understood. This study deals with the identification (or reconstruction) of the usually unknown cancer cell mutation law, which lead to the transformation of a primary tumour cell population into a secondary, more aggressive cell population. We focus on local and nonlocal mathematical models for cell dynamics and movement, and identify these mutation laws from macroscopic tumour snapshot data collected at some later stage in the tumour evolution. In a local cancer invasion model, we first reconstruct the mutation law when we assume that the mutations depend only on the surrounding cancer cells (i.e., the ECM plays no role in mutations). Second, we assume that the mutations depend on the ECM only, and we reconstruct the mutation law in this case. Third, we reconstruct the mutation when we assume that there is no prior knowledge about the mutations. Finally, for the nonlocal cancer invasion model, we reconstruct the mutation law that depends on the cancer cells and on the ECM. For these numerical reconstructions, our approximations are based on the finite di erence method combined with the finite elements method. As the inverse problem is ill-posed, we use the Tikhonov regularisation technique in order to regularise the solution. Stability of the solution is examined by adding additive noise into the measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3720-3747
Number of pages28
JournalMathematical Biosciences and Engineering
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Inverse problems
  • Mutation Identification
  • Tikhonov Regularisation
  • Tumour Growth
  • Mutation identification
  • Tikhonov regularisation
  • Tumour growth

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