Reflecting on the HEA Framework for Internationalizing Higher Education & on the ‘practical theory’ of Handal and Lauvas

Evangelia Fragouli (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Internationalised curriculum development is critical to any institution aiming to approach internationalisation in a coherent way. Research on Internationalisation of the Curriculum (IoC), emphasizes the notion of curriculum as encompassing all aspects of learning and works at formal, hidden, and informal levels. The Higher Education Academy (HEA) developed a framework approaching internationalization of teaching ,learning & curriculum. Rachel Scudamore, in the guide Engaging Home and International Students, examined the relationship of culture & learning, based on the ‘practical theory’ of Handal & Lauvas (1987), providing useful information and suggestions that informs teaching philosophy. The present work, through critical literature review, reflects upon the HEA framework and Handal & Lauvas’ practical theory, showing new challenges and issues of concerns. It provides recommendations for educators ‘why’ and ‘how’ to internationalize curriculum and teaching and concludes that Handal & Lauvas’ work (1987) should continue to shape teaching approach nowadays.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-56
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Higher Education Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Event9th CBER-MEC International Conference on Business and Economic Development (ICBED) -
Duration: 20 Aug 202022 Aug 2020


  • Internationalization
  • Higher education
  • teaching philosophy
  • culture learning


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