Regulation of futile ligation during early steps of BER in M. tuberculosis is carried out by a β-clamp-XthA-LigA tri-component complex

Ankita Shukla, Mohammad Afsar, Taran Khanam, Nelam Kumar, Faiz Ali, Sanjay Kumar, Farheen Jahan, Ravishankar Ramachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Class-II AP-endonuclease (XthA) is a mycobacterial DNA base excision repair (BER) pathway enzyme that functions in the initial steps. It acts on DNA substrates that contain abasic sites to create nicks with 3'-hydroxyl (OH) and 5'-deoxyribose phosphate (5'-dRP) moieties. The NAD+-dependent DNA ligase (LigA) is the terminal player in mycobacterial BER and seals such nicks efficiently. Here, we demonstrate that the Mtbβ-clamp-MtbXthA complex that exists in the initial steps of BER engages with MtbLigA to form a novel tri-component BER complex. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) experiments analysis show that the three proteins interact with equimolar stoichiometry. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis and associated studies reveal that the apo tri-component BER-complex adopts an extended conformation where MtbXthA is sandwiched between the Mtbβ-clamp and MtbLigA. The studies support that in the apo-complex MtbXthA binds subsite-I of Mtbβ-clamp through 239QLRFPKK245 motif and to MtbLigA by 104DGQPSWSGKP113 motif simultaneously. However, the complex adopts a less-extended conformation in the presence of substrate DNA, where MtbXthA interactions switch from predominantly subsite-I to subsite-II of the Mtbβ-clamp. Overall, the novel tri-component complex prevents futile ligation activity of MtbLigA on the product of MtbXthA and ensures forward progression of the pathway and productive mycobacterial BER interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Early online date14 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2022

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