Regulatory domain selectivity in the cell-type specific PKN-dependence of cell migration

Sylvie Lachmann, Amy Jevons, Manu de Rycker, Adele Casamassima, Simone Radtke, Alejandra Collazos, Peter J. Parker

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45 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The mammalian protein kinase N (PKN) family of Serine/Threonine kinases comprises three isoforms, which are targets for Rho family GTPases. Small GTPases are major regulators of the cellular cytoskeleton, generating interest in the role(s) of specific PKN isoforms in processes such as cell migration and invasion. It has been reported that PKN3 is required for prostate tumour cell invasion but not PKN1 or 2. Here we employ a cell model, the 5637 bladder tumour cell line where PKN2 is relatively highly expressed, to assess the potential redundancy of these isoforms in migratory responses. It is established that PKN2 has a critical role in the migration and invasion of these cells. Furthermore, using a PKN wild-type and chimera rescue strategy, it is shown that PKN isoforms are not simply redundant in supporting migration, but appear to be linked through isoform specific regulatory domain properties to selective upstream signals. It is concluded that intervention in PKNs may need to be directed at multiple isoforms to be effective in different cell types.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21732
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2011

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