Relocalization of late blight resistance protein r3a to endosomal compartments is associated with effector recognition and required for the immune response.

Stefan Engelhardt, Petra C. Boevink, Miles R. Armstrong, Maria Brisa Ramos, Ingo Hein, Paul R.J. Birch (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    51 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An important objective of plant-pathogen interactions research is to determine where resistance proteins detect pathogen effectors to mount an immune response. Many nucleotide binding-Leucine-rich repeat (NB-LRR) resistance proteins accumulate in the plant nucleus following effector recognition, where they initiate the hypersensitive response (HR). Here, we show that potato (Solanum tuberosum) resistance protein R3a relocates from the cytoplasm to endosomal compartments only when coexpressed with recognized Phytophthora infestans effector form AVR3a(KI) and not unrecognized form AVR3a(EM). Moreover, AVR3a(KI), but not AVR3a(EM), is also relocalized to endosomes in the presence of R3a. Both R3a and AVR3a(KI) colocalized in close physical proximity at endosomes in planta. Treatment with brefeldin A (BFA) or wortmannin, inhibitors of the endocytic cycle, attenuated both the relocalization of R3a to endosomes and the R3a-mediated HR. No such effect of these inhibitors was observed on HRs triggered by the gene-for-gene pairs Rx1/PVX-CP and Sto1/IpiO1. An R3a(D501V) autoactive MHD mutant, which triggered HR in the absence of AVR3a(KI), failed to localize to endosomes. Moreover, BFA and wortmannin did not alter cell death triggered by this mutant. We conclude that effector recognition and consequent HR signaling by NB-LRR resistance protein R3a require its relocalization to vesicles in the endocytic pathway.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5142-5158
    Number of pages16
    JournalPlant Cell
    Volume24
    Issue number12
    Early online date14 Dec 2012
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

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