Replicate, reform or reject? Autonomous institutions and constitutional innovation in Tobago and Bangsamoro

Elliot Bulmer

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    This chapter examines innovative choices in the design of governance arrangements made by two regional jurisdictions undergoing transitions to greater autonomy. In both Tobago and the Autonomous Region of Bangsamoro, negotiations between the regions and their central governments have long centred not only on issues of autonomy, but also on the more complex issue of how power will be exercised within the regional units. While the political systems in federal or devolved countries often broadly replicate the system of the ‘parent’ state, both Tobago and Bangsamoro, rather than being tied to historical precedence, have taken more novel approaches. Tobago has sought to reform the familiar system by using a method for constructing the second chamber of parliament that differs from that of the central government, while retaining the underlying logic of the principle of representation. Bangsamoro has in comparison, sought to reject the presidential system familiar to the Philippines and to instead introduce a quasi-parliamentary system of government.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Constitution-Building
    Place of PublicationStockholm
    PublisherInternational Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
    Number of pages12
    ISBN (Electronic)9789176713556
    Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2020


    • Bangsamoro
    • Tobago
    • Regionalism
    • Autonomy
    • Constitution-building

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Social Sciences


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