Reporting stAndards for research in PedIatric Dentistry (RAPID): a development protocol

Jayakumar Jayaraman (Lead / Corresponding author), Vineet Dhar, Kevin J. Donly, Ekta Priya, Nicola P. T. Innes, Jan Clarkson, Daniela P. Raggio, Noel Childers, Timothy Wright, Nigel King, Venkateshbabu Nagendrababu, Mike Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
236 Downloads (Pure)


Reporting guidelines can improve the quality of reports of research findings. Some specialities in health care however require guidance on areas that are not captured within the existing guidelines, and this is the case for Paediatric Dentistry where no such standards are available to guide the reporting of different types of study designs. The ‘Reporting stAndards for research in PedIatric Dentistry’ (RAPID) group aims to address this need by developing guidelines on reporting elements of research of particular relevance to Paediatric Dentistry. The development of RAPID guidelines will involve a five-phase process including a Delphi study, which is an explicit consensus development method designed and implemented in accordance with the Guidance on Conducting and REporting DElphi Studies. The guideline development process will be overseen by an Executive Group. Themes specific to areas in Paediatric Dentistry will be selected, and items to be included under each theme will be identified by members of the Executive Group reviewing at least five reports of experimental and analytical study types using existing reporting guidelines. For the Delphi study, the Executive Group will identify an international multidisciplinary RAPID Delphi Group (RDG) of approximately 60 participants including academics, Paediatric Dentists, parents, and other stakeholders. Each item will be evaluated by RDG on clarity using a dichotomous scale (‘well phrased’ or ‘needs revision’) and on suitability for inclusion in the Delphi study using a 9-point Likert scale (1 = ‘definitely not include’ to 9 = ‘definitely include’). The items will then be included in an online Delphi study of up to four rounds, with participants invited from stakeholder groups across Paediatric Dentistry. Items scored 7 or above by at least 80% of respondents will be included in the checklist and further discussed in a face-to-face Delphi consensus meeting. Following this, the Executive Group will finalize the RAPID guidelines. The guidelines will be published in peer-reviewed scientific journals and disseminated at scientific meetings and conferences. All the outputs from this project will be made freely available on the RAPID website:

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Issue number1
Early online date14 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2019


  • Delphi
  • Paediatric Dentistry
  • Reporting stAndards for research in PedIatric Dentistry (RAPID)
  • guidelines
  • protocol
  • reporting
  • standards
  • Humans
  • Consensus
  • Delphi Technique
  • Research Report
  • Child
  • Pediatric Dentistry
  • Research Design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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