Reproducibility of Subtraction Radiography in Monitoring Changes in Approximal Carious Lesions in Children: An In Vivo Study

Mona Al-Sane (Lead / Corresponding author), David N. Ricketts, Fausto M. Mendes, Yacoub Altarakemah, Christopher Deery, Nicola Innes, Sam Rollings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Laboratory studies have shown that digital subtraction radiography (DSR) can be a more effective tool, than conventional radiography, in monitoring changes in carious lesions. The clinical performance of the technique, however, has not been sufficiently researched. Aim: To compare the reproducibility of DSR to that of bitewing radiographs, in monitoring changes in approximal caries in the mixed dentition. A secondary aim was to determine whether assessment outcomes differed as a function of the method used. Design: Six assessors evaluated 310 lesions first on bitewings, then with DSR. The overall reproducibility was evaluated via intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Intra- and inter-rater reproducibility were assessed using weighted Kappa. Paired t test was used to assess differences in the reproducibility across methods. Results: The overall reproducibility for DSR was (ICC = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.31-0.56). Intra- and inter-rater reproducibility were 0.65 and 0.44, respectively. The overall reproducibility for bitewings was ICC = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.42-0.57. Intra- and Inter-rater reproducibility were 0.71 and 0.46, respectively. Differences in the reproducibility across methods were not statistically significant. Significantly more lesions were scored as progressed using DSR. Conclusions: The reproducibility of DSR in monitoring changes in approximal caries is comparable to that of bitewings. Additionally, DSR detected higher proportion of progression than bitewing assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Early online date17 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • caries
  • caries progression
  • proximal caries
  • reproducibility
  • subtraction radiography

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