Risk assessment in acute pancreatitis

R. Mofidi, P. V. Patil, S. A. Suttie, R. W. Parks

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    Abstract

    Background: Acute pancreatitis has a variable natural history and in a proportion of patients is associated with severe complications and a significant risk of death. The various tools available for risk assessment in acute pancreatitis are reviewed. Methods: Relevant medical literature from PubMed, Ovid, Embase, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library websites to May 2008 was reviewed. Results and conclusion: Over the past 30 years several scoring systems have been developed to predict the severity of acute pancreatitis in the first 48-72 h. Biochemical and immunological markers, imaging modalities and novel predictive models may help identify patients at high risk of complications or death. Recently, there has been a recognition of the importance of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome and organ dysfunction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)137-150
    Number of pages14
    JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
    Volume96
    Issue number2
    Early online date5 Jan 2009
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009

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    Mofidi, R., Patil, P. V., Suttie, S. A., & Parks, R. W. (2009). Risk assessment in acute pancreatitis. British Journal of Surgery, 96(2), 137-150. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.6431