Risk factors for tooth loss and progression of periodontitis in patients undergoing periodontal maintenance therapy

Dawn S. F. Siow (Lead / Corresponding author), Edwin X. J. Goh, Marianne M. A. Ong, Philip M. Preshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate patient- and tooth-level factors that may predict tooth loss and periodontitis progression in patients who have undergone at least 5 years of periodontal maintenance.

Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 135 patients were examined after active periodontal therapy (APT) and periodontal maintenance for 5.09–8.65 years (mean 6.16 ± 0.74 years). Regression models were applied to identify risk factors associated with tooth loss and disease progression.

Results: Stage IV periodontitis (incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 4.61; 95% confidence interval, CI [2.97–7.18], p <.001), the presence of ≥5 sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥5 mm at the end of APT (IRR = 2.04; 95% CI [1.32–3.20], p <.01), and residual PPD ≥7 mm at the end of APT (odds ratio [OR] = 3.01; 95% CI [1.14–7.94], p <.05) were risk factors for tooth loss. Residual PPDs of 5 mm (OR = 2.02; 95% CI [1.20–3.40], p <.01) and 6 mm (OR = 2.41; 95% CI [1.22–4.76], p <.05) at the end of APT were risk factors for disease progression. Above 3 mm, each 1 mm increase in maximum PPD/clinical attachment loss was associated with an increased risk of tooth loss and disease progression.

Conclusions: Stage IV periodontitis is associated with an increased risk of tooth loss. Teeth with PPD ≥5 mm at the end of APT are at risk of periodontitis progression or tooth loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume50
Issue number1
Early online date5 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • periodontal maintenance
  • periodontitis
  • risk factors
  • supportive periodontal therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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