Projects per year
Automated image analysis of skin lesions has potential to improve diagnostic decision making. A clinically useful system should be selective, rejecting images it is ill-equipped to classify, for example because they are of lesion types not represented well in training data. Furthermore, lesion classifiers should support cost-sensitive decision making. We investigate methods for selective, cost-sensitive classification of lesions as benign or malignant using test images of lesion types represented and not represented in training data. We propose EC-SelectiveNet, a modification to SelectiveNet that discards the selection head at test time, making decisions based on expected costs instead. Experiments show that training for full coverage is beneficial even when operating at lower coverage, and that EC-SelectiveNet outperforms standard cross-entropy training, whether or not temperature scaling or Monte Carlo dropout averaging are used, in both symmetric and asymmetric cost settings.
|Title of host publication||Uncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, and Perinatal Imaging, Placental and Preterm Image Analysis - 3rd International Workshop, UNSURE 2021, and 6th International Workshop, PIPPI 2021, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2021, Proceedings|
|Editors||Carole H. Sudre, Roxane Licandro, Christian Baumgartner, Andrew Melbourne, Adrian Dalca, Jana Hutter, Ryutaro Tanno, Esra Abaci Turk, Koen Van Leemput, Jordina Torrents Barrena, William M. Wells, Christopher Macgowan|
|Place of Publication||Cham|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
|Name||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|