Role of bradykinin and prostaglandin EP4 receptors in regulating TRPV1 channel sensitization in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons

Sara A. Aldossary, Mohammad Alsalem, Blair D. Grubb (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    Abstract

    Transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channels play key roles in chronic pain conditions and are modulated by different inflammatory mediators to elicit heat sensitisation. Bradykinin is a 9-amino acid peptide chain that promotes inflammation. The aim of present study is to investigate how bradykinin and prostaglandin receptors (EP3 and EP4) modulate the sensitisation of TRPV1-mediated responses.

    Calcium imaging studies of rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were employed to investigate the desensitizing responses of TRPV1 ion channels by capsaicin, and the re-sensitization of TRPV1 by bradykinin, then to explore the role EP3 and EP4 receptors in mediating these bradykinin-dependent effects. Immunocytochemistry was used to study the co-expression and distribution of EP4, TRPV1, COX-1 and B2 in rat DRG neurons.

    Desensitization was seen upon repeated capsaicin application, we show that bradykinin-mediated sensitization of capsaicin-evoked calcium responses in rat DRG neurons occurs is dependent on COX-1 activity and utilizes a pathway that involves EP4 but not EP3 receptors. Immunocytochemical techniques revealed that EP4, TRPV1, COX-1 and B2 proteins are expressed mainly in small diameter (<1,000μm2) cell bodies of rat DRG neurons which are typically nociceptors.

    The present study provides suggestive evidence for a potential signalling pathway through which bradykinin may regulate TRPV1 ion channel function via EP4 receptors. In addition to confirming existing knowledge, the anatomical distribution and colocalization of these proteins in DRG neurons as revealed by this study offer valuable insight.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-360
    Number of pages16
    JournalBasic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
    Volume134
    Issue number3
    Early online date27 Nov 2023
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

    Keywords

    • Transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1)
    • Bradykinin
    • cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1)
    • Prostaglandins
    • bradykinin
    • prostaglandins
    • transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Toxicology
    • Pharmacology

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