Role of plant virus movement proteins

Michael Taliansky, Lesley Torrance, Natalia O. Kalinina

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

    64 Citations (Scopus)


    Plant viruses spread from the initially infected cells to the rest of the plant in several distinct stages. First, the virus (in the form of virions or nucleic acid protein complexes) moves intracellularly from the sites of replication to plasmodesmata (PD, plant-specific intercellular membranous channels), the virus then transverses the PD to spread intercellularly (cell-to-cell movement). Long-distance movement of virus occurs through phloem sieve tubes. The processes of plant virus movement are controlled by specific viral movement proteins (MPs). No extensive sequence similarity has been found in MPs belonging to different plant virus taxonomic groups. Moreover, different MPs were shown to use different pathways and mechanisms for virus transport. Some viral transport systems require a single MP while others require additional virus-encoded proteins to transport viral genomes. In this review, we focus on the functions and properties of different classes of MPs encoded by RNA containing plant viruses.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationPlant virology protocols
    Subtitle of host publicationfrom viral sequence to protein function
    EditorsGary D. Foster, I. Elisabeth Johansen, Yiguo Hong, Peter D. Nagy
    PublisherHumana Press
    Number of pages22
    ISBN (Electronic)9781597451024
    ISBN (Print)9781588298270
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Publication series

    NameMethods in Molecular Biology
    PublisherHumana Press
    ISSN (Print)1064-3745


    • Cell Movement
    • Comovirus
    • Nepovirus
    • Plant Diseases
    • Plant Viral Movement Proteins
    • Plant Viruses
    • Plasmodesmata
    • Potyvirus
    • RNA, Viral
    • Tobacco Mosaic Virus


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