Roles of saprotrophic fungi in biodegradation or transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants in co-contaminated sites

Andrea Ceci, Flavia Pinzari, Fabiana Russo, Anna Maria Persiani (Lead / Corresponding author), Geoffrey Michael Gadd

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

For decades, human activities, industrialization, and agriculture have contaminated soils and water with several compounds, including potentially toxic metals and organic persistent xenobiotics. The co-occurrence of those toxicants poses challenging environmental problems, as complicated chemical interactions and synergies can arise and lead to severe and toxic effects on organisms. The use of fungi, alone or with bacteria, for bioremediation purposes is a growing biotechnology with high potential in terms of cost-effectiveness, an environmental-friendly perspective and feasibility, and often representing a sustainable nature-based solution. This paper reviews different ecological, metabolic, and physiological aspects involved in fungal bioremediation of co-contaminated soils and water systems, not only addressing best methods and approaches to assess the simultaneous presence of metals and organic toxic compounds and their consequences on provided ecosystem services but also the interactions between fungi and bacteria, in order to suggest further study directions in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-68
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume103
Issue number1
Early online date25 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Poisons
Environmental Biodegradation
Fungi
Soil
Metals
Bacteria
Water
Xenobiotics
Biotechnology
Agriculture
Human Activities
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Ecosystem

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Biotransformation
  • Co-contamination
  • Organic pollutants
  • Potentially toxic metals
  • Soil saprotrophic fungi
  • Xenobiotics

Cite this

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title = "Roles of saprotrophic fungi in biodegradation or transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants in co-contaminated sites",
abstract = "For decades, human activities, industrialization, and agriculture have contaminated soils and water with several compounds, including potentially toxic metals and organic persistent xenobiotics. The co-occurrence of those toxicants poses challenging environmental problems, as complicated chemical interactions and synergies can arise and lead to severe and toxic effects on organisms. The use of fungi, alone or with bacteria, for bioremediation purposes is a growing biotechnology with high potential in terms of cost-effectiveness, an environmental-friendly perspective and feasibility, and often representing a sustainable nature-based solution. This paper reviews different ecological, metabolic, and physiological aspects involved in fungal bioremediation of co-contaminated soils and water systems, not only addressing best methods and approaches to assess the simultaneous presence of metals and organic toxic compounds and their consequences on provided ecosystem services but also the interactions between fungi and bacteria, in order to suggest further study directions in this field.",
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Roles of saprotrophic fungi in biodegradation or transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants in co-contaminated sites. / Ceci, Andrea; Pinzari, Flavia; Russo, Fabiana; Persiani, Anna Maria (Lead / Corresponding author); Gadd, Geoffrey Michael.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 103, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 53-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Ceci, Andrea

AU - Pinzari, Flavia

AU - Russo, Fabiana

AU - Persiani, Anna Maria

AU - Gadd, Geoffrey Michael

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AB - For decades, human activities, industrialization, and agriculture have contaminated soils and water with several compounds, including potentially toxic metals and organic persistent xenobiotics. The co-occurrence of those toxicants poses challenging environmental problems, as complicated chemical interactions and synergies can arise and lead to severe and toxic effects on organisms. The use of fungi, alone or with bacteria, for bioremediation purposes is a growing biotechnology with high potential in terms of cost-effectiveness, an environmental-friendly perspective and feasibility, and often representing a sustainable nature-based solution. This paper reviews different ecological, metabolic, and physiological aspects involved in fungal bioremediation of co-contaminated soils and water systems, not only addressing best methods and approaches to assess the simultaneous presence of metals and organic toxic compounds and their consequences on provided ecosystem services but also the interactions between fungi and bacteria, in order to suggest further study directions in this field.

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