Root elongation rate is correlated with the length of the bare root apex of maize and lupin roots despite contrasting responses of root growth to compact and dry soils

Sonja Schmidt, Peter J. Gregory, Dimitri V. Grinev, A. Glyn Bengough

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: We investigated interacting effects of matric potential and soil strength on root elongation of maize and lupin, and relations between root elongation rates and the length of bare (hairless) root apex. Methods: Root elongation rates and the length of bare root apex were determined for maize and lupin seedlings in sandy loam soil of various matric potentials (-0.01 to -1.6 MPa) and bulk densities (0.9 to 1.5 Mg m). Results: Root elongation rates slowed with both decreasing matric potential and increasing penetrometer resistance. Root elongation of maize slowed to 10 % of the unimpeded rate when penetrometer resistance increased to 2 MPa, whereas lupin elongated at about 40 % of the unimpeded rate. Maize root elongation rate was more sensitive to changes in matric potential in loosely packed soil (penetrometer resistances
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)609-618
    Number of pages10
    JournalPlant and Soil
    Volume372
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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