RsmA regulates biofilm formation in Xanthomonas campestris through a regulatory network involving cyclic di-GMP and the Clp transcription factor

Xiu-Hong Lu, Shi-Qi An, Dong-Jie Tang, Yvonne McCarthy, Ji-Liang Tang, John Maxwell Dow, Robert P. Ryan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Biofilm formation and dispersal in the black rot pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc) is influenced by a number of factors. The extracellular mannanase ManA has been implicated in biofilm dispersal whereas biofilm formation requires a putative glycosyl transferase encoded by the xag gene cluster. Previously we demonstrated that the post-transcriptional regulator RsmA exerts a negative regulatory influence on biofilm formation in Xcc. Here we address the mechanisms by which RsmA exerts this action. We show that RsmA binds to the transcripts of three genes encoding GGDEF domain diguanylate cyclases to influence their expression. Accordingly, mutation of rsmA leads to an increase in cellular levels of cyclic di-GMP. This effect is associated with a down-regulation of transcription of manA, but an upregulation of xag gene transcription. Mutation of clp, which encodes a cyclic di-GMP-responsive transcriptional regulator of the CRP-FNR family, has similar divergent effects on the expression of manA and xag. Nevertheless Clp binding to manA and xag promoters is inhibited by cyclic di-GMP. The data support the contention that, in common with other CRP-FNR family members, Clp can act as both an activator and repressor of transcription of different genes to influence biofilm formation as a response to cyclic di-GMP.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)e52646
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume7
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Dec 2012

    Keywords

    • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
    • Transcription, Genetic
    • Models, Biological
    • Protein Binding
    • Cyclic GMP
    • RNA, Messenger
    • Promoter Regions, Genetic
    • Bacterial Proteins
    • Transcription Factors
    • Biofilms
    • Xanthomonas campestris
    • Mutation
    • Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs

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