Salt-inducible kinases are required for the IL-33-dependent secretion of cytokines and chemokines in mast cells

Nicola J. Darling, J. Simon C. Arthur, Philip Cohen (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Cytokines and chemokines are important regulators of airway hyper-responsiveness, immune cell infiltration, and inflammation and are produced when mast cells are stimulated with interleukin-33 (IL-33). Here, we establish that the saltinducible kinases (SIKs) are required for the IL-33-stimulated transcription of il13, gm-csf and tnf and hence the production of these cytokines. The IL-33-stimulated secretion of IL- 13, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, and tumor necrosis factor was strongly reduced in fetal liver- derived mast cells from mice expressing a kinase-inactive mutant of SIK3 and abolished in cells expressing kinaseinactive mutants of SIK2 and SIK3. The IL-33-dependent secretion of these cytokines and several chemokines was also abolished in SIK2/3 double knock-out bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC), reduced in SIK3 KO cells but little affected in BMMC expressing kinase-inactive mutants of SIK1 and SIK2 or lacking SIK2 expression. In SIK2 knock-out BMMC, the expression of SIK3 was greatly increased. Our studies identify essential roles for SIK2 and SIK3 in producing inflammatory mediators that trigger airway inflammation. The effects of SIKs were independent of IκB kinase β, IκB kinase β- mediated NF-κB-dependent gene transcription, and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family members p38α and c-jun N-terminal kinases. Our results suggest that dual inhibitors of SIK2 and SIK3 may have therapeutic potential for the treatment of mast cell-driven diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100428
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume296
Early online date15 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • chemokine
  • granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)
  • innate immunity
  • interleukin-13 (IL-13)
  • interleukin-33 (IL-33)
  • mast cells
  • protein kinase
  • salt-inducible kinase (SIK)
  • tumour necrosis factor (TNF)

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