Screening-based discovery of drug-like O-GlcNAcase inhibitor scaffolds

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    Abstract

    O-GlcNAcylation is an essential posttranslational modification in metazoa. Modulation of O-GlcNAc levels with small molecule inhibitors of O-GlcNAc hydrolase (OGA) is a useful strategy to probe the role of this modification in a range of cellular processes. Here we report the discovery of novel, low molecular weight and drug-like O-GlcNAcase inhibitor scaffolds by high-throughput screening. Kinetic and X-ray crystallographic analyses of the binding modes with human/bacterial O-GlcNAcases identify some of these as competitive inhibitors. Comparative kinetic experiments with the mechanistically related human lysosomal hexosaminidases reveal that three of the inhibitor scaffolds show selectivity towards human OGA. These scaffolds provide attractive starting points for the development of non-carbohydrate, drug-like OGA inhibitors. (C) 2009 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)694-700
    Number of pages7
    JournalFEBS Letters
    Volume584
    Issue number4
    Early online date16 Dec 2009
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2010

    Keywords

    • O-GlcNAc
    • Posttranslational modification
    • Inhibitor
    • Crystal structure
    • Beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase
    • Cell death
    • linked GlcNAc
    • Nucleocytoplasmic proteins
    • Tetratricopeptide repeats
    • Signal transduction
    • Cytosolic proteins
    • Ligand efficiency
    • In vivo
    • Streptozotocin

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