Secondary conditions in spinal cord injury: results form a prospective survey

Thilo Kroll, Melinda T. Neri, Pei-Shu Ho

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Study design. Prospective, self-report mail survey with two points of measurement one year apart. Objectives. To determine significant predictors of pressure ulcers (PU) and urinary tract infections (UTI) in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) over 2 years. Setting. Non-institutionalized adults with SCI living in the United States of America. Methods. Secondary data analysis from 2 consecutive years. Independent variables included demographic, healthcare-related, functional, access to care, and health behavior measures. Dependent variables were the occurrence of PU and UTI at Time 2. Results. Bivariate analyses showed significant associations between various independent variables and the occurrence of PU and UTI at Time 2. Separate logistic regression analyses for PU and UTI at Time 2 as dependent variables showed that PU at Time 1, not being married or cohabiting, not having access to primary care services when needed, and reporting a greater number of activities of daily living (ADL) requiring assistance were significant predictors of PU at Time 2. UTI at Time 1, a greater number of ADLs requiring assistance, and not engaging in weekly exercise are significant predictors of subsequent occurrence of UTI. Conclusions. Findings support previous research, and indicate the need for increased efforts to provide SCI self-management education to at-risk subpopulations, including individuals with greater personal assistance needs and functional limitations
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1229-1237
    Number of pages9
    JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
    Volume29
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • Spinal cord injuries
    • Pressure ulcers
    • Urinary tract infections

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