Seismic behaviour of tunnels: from experiments to analysis

Grigorios Tsinidis (Lead / Corresponding author), Filomena de Silva, Ioannis Anastasopoulos, Emilio Bilotta, Antonio Bobet, Youssef M. A. Hashash, Chuan He, Georgios Kampas, Jonathan Knappett, Gopal Madabhushi, Nikolaos Nikitas, Kyriazis Pitilakis, Francesco Silvestri, Giulia Viggiani, Raul Fuentes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)
515 Downloads (Pure)


The paper presents a state-of-the-art review of the current understanding of the seismic behaviour of tunnels. Emphasis is placed on recorded responses of actual tunnels during past earthquakes, as well as relevant experimental studies. In particular, the observed seismic performance of tunnels is initially discussed, by providing cases of reported damage during past earthquakes. This is followed by a review of the current monitoring systems for this infrastructure, which can be used to create future case studies based on actual recordings of the seismic response. Subsequently, the paper provides a summary of relevant experimental studies that took place in the centrifuge or on shaking tables, followed by a short discussion of current analytical models, simplified methods and numerical schemes for the seismic analysis and vulnerability assessment of tunnels. Throughout the presentation, the current overall gaps in understanding the seismic response of tunnels are identified in an attempt to stimulate further work in these areas by the research community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103334
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Early online date24 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Analysis methods
  • Physical testing
  • SHM of tunnels
  • Seismic response
  • Tunnels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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