Self-Reported Sleep Duration and Quality and Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis

Chun Shing Kwok (Lead / Corresponding author), Evangelos Kontopantelis, George Kuligowski, Matthew Gray, Alan Muhyaldeen, Christopher P. Gale, George M. Peat, Jacqueline Cleator, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Yoon Kong Loke, Mamas Andreas Mamas

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    Abstract

    Background: There is growing evidence that sleep duration and quality may be associated with cardiovascular harm and mortality.

    Methods and Results: We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and spline analysis of prospective cohort studies that evaluate the association between sleep duration and quality and cardiovascular outcomes. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for these studies and extracted data from identified studies. We utilized linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analysis models and used DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analysis models of risk ratios, with inverse variance weighting, and the I 2 statistic to quantify heterogeneity. Seventy-four studies including 3 340 684 participants with 242 240 deaths among 2 564 029 participants who reported death events were reviewed. Findings were broadly similar across both linear and nonlinear dose-response models in 30 studies with >1 000 000 participants, and we report results from the linear model. Self-reported duration of sleep >8 hours was associated with a moderate increased risk of all-cause mortality, with risk ratio, 1.14 (1.05-1.25) for 9 hours, risk ratio, 1.30 (1.19-1.42) for 10 hours, and risk ratio, 1.47 (1.33-1.64) for 11 hours. No significant difference was identified for periods of selfreported sleep <7 hours, whereas similar patterns were observed for stroke and cardiovascular disease mortality. Subjective poor sleep quality was associated with coronary heart disease (risk ratio, 1.44; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.90), but no difference in mortality and other outcomes.

    Conclusions: Divergence from the recommended 7 to 8 hours of sleep is associated with a higher risk of mortality and cardiovascular events. Longer duration of sleep may be more associated with adverse outcomes compared with shorter sleep durations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere008552
    Pages (from-to)1-26
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
    Volume7
    Issue number15
    Early online date3 Aug 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2018

    Keywords

    • Cardiac risk factors
    • Coronary artery disease
    • Meta-analysis
    • Prevention

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  • Cite this

    Kwok, C. S., Kontopantelis, E., Kuligowski, G., Gray, M., Muhyaldeen, A., Gale, C. P., Peat, G. M., Cleator, J., Chew-Graham, C., Loke, Y. K., & Mamas, M. A. (2018). Self-Reported Sleep Duration and Quality and Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(15), 1-26. [e008552]. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008552