Semen Analysis and Sperm Function Tests

Hannah Williams, Sarah Martins Da Silva

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract

Semen analysis is a fundamental part of male fertility investigation. Samples are produced by masturbation, ideally in a private room nearby to the andrology laboratory or submitted within one hour if produced off-site. The ejaculate should be collected in a wide-mouthed, clean, glass or plastic container, from a batch confirmed to be non-toxic to spermatozoa. Patients should be given clear instructions about collection of their sample. To ensure consistency and reliable interpretation of results, there should be a minimum of two days and maximum of seven days abstinence (1), and the complete sample should be collected. Loss of the first portion of the ejaculate, which mainly comprises sperm-rich prostatic fluid, may significantly affect sperm count and concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSubfertility, Reproductive Endocrinology and Assisted Reproduction
EditorsJane A. Stewart
PublisherCambridge University Press
Chapter7
Pages48-54
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781316488294
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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