Sequence and expression of potato U2 snRNA genes

Robbie Waugh, Illian Clark, Petra Vaux, John W.S. Brown (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant UsnRNA multigene families show a high degree of sequence variation among individual gene members. The potato U2snRNA gene family consists of between twenty-five and forty genes. Four potato U2snRNA gene variants have been isolated. Despite the sequence variation in coding and flanking regions, all maintain the conserved U2snRNA secondary structure and all contain the plant UsnRNA promoter elements: the upstream sequence element (USE) and TATA-like box in the -70 and -30 regions respectively. In RNase A/T1 protection analyses, one of the genes, PotU2-22, protected high levels of full length U2snRNA transcripts in potato leaf, stem, root and tuber RNA. Thus, PotU2-22 or genes with identical coding regions, are highly expressed in these potato organs and therefore represent a major subset of functional U2snRNA genes. Similar expression levels of the PotU2-22 sequence variant were also found in four genetically different potato cultivars and also in tobacco, a species closely related to potato, suggesting conservation of the coding regions of expressed U2snRNA genes. A second gene, PotU2-4, protected very low levels of full length transcripts while a third gene, PotU2-11, was not expressed in the potato organs analysed. The relative expression levels of the gene variants may reflect individual gene differences in, for example, the USE and TATA regulatory elements, or variations in gene copy number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-256
Number of pages8
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 1991

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