Shape Analysis of HII Regions - II. Synthetic Observations

Justyn Campbell-White (Lead / Corresponding author), Ahmad A. Ali, Dirk Froebrich, Alfred Kume

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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The statistical shape analysis method developed for probing the link between physical parameters and morphologies of Galactic H II regions is applied here to a set of synthetic observations (SOs) of a numerically modelled HII region. The systematic extraction of H II region shape, presented in the first paper of this series, allows for a quantifiable confirmation of the accuracy of the numerical simulation, with respect to the real observational counterparts of the resulting SOs. A further aim of this investigation is to determine whether such SOs can be used for direct interpretation of the observational data, in a future supervised classification scheme based upon H II region shape. The numerical H II region data were the result of photoionization and radiation pressure feedback of a 34 M star, in a 1000 M cloud. The SOs analysed herein comprised four evolutionary snapshots (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6Myr), and multiple viewing projection angles. The shape analysis results provided conclusive evidence of the efficacy of the numerical simulations. When comparing the shapes of the synthetic regions to their observational counterparts, the SOs were grouped in amongst the Galactic H II regions by the hierarchical clustering procedure. There was also an association between the evolutionary distribution of regions and the respective groups. This suggested that the shape analysis method could be further developed for morphological classification of H II regions by using a synthetic data training set, with differing initial conditions of well-defined parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4311-4329
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Early online date30 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • H II regions
  • Hydrodynamics-radiative transfer
  • Methods: data analysis
  • Methods: statistical
  • Radio continuum: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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