Shared values for the marine environment – developing a culture of practice for marine spatial planning

Paola Gazzola (Lead / Corresponding author), Vincent Onyango

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)
245 Downloads (Pure)


Though still relatively new, the development of marine spatial planning has been based on the on the premise that as a rational planning process, it can be applied following universal principles and steps informed by land-based inspired theoretical underpinnings. However, within this process, differences between marine and terrestrial environments are being overlooked, potentially affecting the way in which the marine environment is understood and valued, and the development of a culture of practice for, and specific to, marine spatial planning. By framing planning as a cultural construct, this paper aims to explore the extent to which land-based rationales are affecting the development of a marine spatial planning culture of practice, with its own ethos and shared values. A culturalised planning model adapted from [Knieling, J. and Othengrafen, F. (2015). Planning culture—a concept to explain the evolution of planning policies and processes in Europe? European Planning Studies, 23(11), 2133–2147] is used as a framework. Whilst acknowledging the importance of the contributions from land-based planning and the ecological sciences, the findings suggest that those unconscious beliefs and perceptions affecting society’s understanding of the marine environment should contribute to informing shared values for marine spatial planning practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-481
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Environmental Policy and Planning
Issue number4
Early online date11 Feb 2018
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2018


  • culturalised planning model
  • cultures of practice
  • Marine spatial planning
  • shared values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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